24 September 2020
Rick calls it "demographic level."
- Avant-garde is the young, whippersnappers breaking rules that they haven't fully learned yet.
- Scene-based is youth settling into geographic stability and creating their own communities.
- Industry-based is the capitalistic exploitation of adults as they start careers and become economically stable.
- Traditionalist is the nostalgic institutionalization of the music of those who are older.
- Stage I: Achieving Independence (16-23)
- Transition from lives centered psychologically and emotionally on parents to lives in which we stand on our own.
- Stage II: Balancing Family and Work Commitments (18-40)
- Stable worker, partner/spouse, and parent roles with the challenge of establishing oneself firmly in these roles and forgoing other options.
- emerging adulthood
- Stage III: Performing Adult Roles (35-70)
- An occupational plateau for many employed adults, who seek other challenges such as trying to be good workers, parents, and spouses.
- Stage IV: Coping with Loss (60-90)
- The central challenge during this period is to cope with a series of losses, including the loss of one’s occupational role through retirement, loss of significant relationships through death, and the eventual loss of health, energy, and independence.
* - DeLamater, John and Daniel Myers. 2007. Social Psychology, 6th ed. Thomson Wadsworth: Belmont, CA. P. 440
David Arditi has a new book coming out that looks at how unscripted (i.e. "reality") shows, like The Voice, exploit musicians who are particularly vulnerable because of their uniquely precarious situation. You can see his ASA presentation on the topic here.
His work inspired a question for me: Why do we tolerate such extreme precarity in a field (i.e. music) that is so beloved? Shouldn't we want to protect cultural producers more than typical workers?
I raised this question in a senior-level course recently, and a student pointed out the similarity in the precarity and exploitation of minor league baseball players. Musicians and professional athletes do indeed hold a unique role for us with celebrity and prestige. Could this be an explanation and not a paradox?
Hypothesis: We are more tolerant/ignorant of the precarity and exploitation of workers in fields that are more prestigious and celebrated.
Anyway, it seems like an interesting area for research.
Voting for Trump is immoral. It is unamerican. It is unchristian. If you haven't already arrived at this conclusion over the last 1343 days, there is nothing I can say to convince you.
Trump is a bad person and a poor president.
If you vote for him, you are complicit.
It is not enough to just not vote for Trump. Not voting for his opponent (because we have a terrible two-party system) is the same as casting half a vote for him.
A recent episode of Hidden Brain, You 2.0: WOOP, WOOP!, focuses on the research* of Gabriele Oettingen, Professor of Psychology at NYU. She says, "Those who have stronger, more positive fantasies about reaching their goals are actually less likely to achieve them. They lose fewer pounds, earn worse grades, receive fewer job offers, stay lonely longer, recover from injury more slowly."
Hypothesis: Prosperity Gospel (PG) adherents will be less likely to achieve health and wealth.
Theoretical Explanation: Postive fantasies seduce people into feeling accomplished. Essentially, positive ideation creates its own rewards. PG is a theology that encourages positive ideation. Once feeling fulfilled, PG adherents do not take active steps to become healthier or wealthier. Moreover, PG adherents do not plan behaviors to overcome potential obstacles to their wishes.
This could be a cool link in the literature between a social-psychological finding and religion.
* - See: